How Monks and Lay Brothers Lived
King Stephen
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A rabbit looking more like a hare.
The main supply of rabbits came from Walney Island.
A grotesque.
Representation of Pope Gregory IX in an initial letter G beginning the text of a papal bull of privileges to the Cistercian Order.
Roger of Orgrave – earliest record of mining. Roger of Orgrave gave all the iron ore in the field of Orgrave – Forever.
Wild boar – an heraldic device
Coupland Coat of Arms.
Scarthwaite Coat of Arms “Salute my successors and others”. Son and daughter mentioned.
Grant of messuage given in return for his homage of a bovate of land.
A messuage was a dwelling house with outbuildings of land assigned to its use.
A bovate is a measure of land – as much as one ox could plough in a year, varying from 10- 18 acres.
Royal Coat of Arms 1340 – 1405
Coat of arms of Earls and Dukes of Lancaster
Huddleston coat of arms
Descent of King Stephen and coordinate historical notices.
The family of king Stephen.

Stephen, Count of Boulogne and Moretain, son of the Count of Blois? Offspring of Audena daughter of William the Conqueror founded the Monastery of Furness on the Nones of July 1127, and in the 26th Year of the reign of King Henry I , uncle of the same  Stephen, after the Conquest. And, in the tenth Year after the said Foundation, the same Stephen was crowned King of England immediately after the said King Henry, namely in AD 1137. The wife of this pious King Stephen was the most noble Lady Matilda, daughter of the vigorous Count Eustace of Boulogne [and] offspring of Mary daughter of Cristiana, sister of Margaret, Queen of the Scots: These two, namely Margaret and Cristiana, were sisters of Edgar Edlying, brother of St. Edward, King and Confessor. In addition William, Count of Warenne and Boulogne, was the son of the said King Stephan and Matilda his wife. Furthermore Queen Margaret bore to Malcolm King of the Scots, her husband, six sons and two daughters – namely Matilda, who married Henry I from whom he bore Matilda who firstly married the Emperor, then Geoffrey Count of Anjou? From whom she bore King Henry II, and Mary, about whom it has been written above.

The persuasive reasons why William Duke of Normandy attacked England against Harold, then King of England, were these.

The first reason was the death of Alfred, brother of St. Edward the King, and kinsman of the same William, brought about by the said Harold,

The second reason was the proscription of Robert, Archbishop of Canterbury.

The third, the promise of the succession to the Kingdom made to him by the said King Edward, should he die without children.

And the fourth, the oath of the said Harold made to the same William for the fulfilling of that same thing

David Bishop who is translating the whole of the Furness Coucher did this translation.

Stella parens Solis John Stell rege munere Prolis as translated by Fred Barnes in “Barrow and District” is as follows:-
(O Star mother of the Sun, direct the favour of your Son to John Stell) which contains puns on his name, Stell, and Stella, i.e. the Virgin Mary, and on “Sun” and “Son of God”. The Chetham Society has reprinted the Coucher Book in six volumes,  These are the books that David Bishop is using.

 John Stell included his own portrait as part of an illuminated letter in each volume showing himself in the act of writing and uttering a prayer. Vol. I  is in the Public Record Office  at Kew while Vol. 2 is stored in the British Library.
An archbishop and six bishops.
A monk of Furness seeking the patronage of the abbey
John Stell, the scribe
The Coucher Book

The Public Record Office, Image Library, Kew  has given permission for slides to be scanned and used in this book.

Coucher Book vol.1
Monk with Bishop
Bishop Boniface – initial letter B
Monk with Crozier
Bishop with monk carrying a petition
A Bishop, monk and crozier
A Bishop with two monks
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